Revelation’s Seven Churches

Upon reading Christ’s assessment of Revelation’s seven churches, it is obvious that Christ’s analysis of these ancient churches is not a good report about them or of their leaders.

The analysis that follows is Christ’s assessment of each church.

It is provided to assist the reader to help determine where their own church might appear, using Christ’s “plumbline” as guidance (Amos 7:7-9).

God's Plumbline

This image depicts the location of Revelation's Seven Churches in Asia Minor
The location of Revelation’s Seven Churches

Overview of the Condition of Revelation’s Seven Churches

Revelation chapters 2 and 3 refer to “the things which are” or issues that should concern the church on Earth until the Rapture occurs. (1 Cor. 15:23, 51-58; 1 Thes 4:13-17; 2 Thes 2:7). 

In this, Christ’s letters to the churches have a twofold application:

  1. A local application to these churches, which reveals the spiritual and moral conditions occurring in seven local churches in Asia Minor at that time.  These church congregations were located along the western coast of modern Turkey.
  2. A prophetic application to today’s churches leading up to the Rapture.  In this, Christ’s words reveal the (poor) spiritual conditions in five of these churches that may help individuals in today’s churches assess their own spiritual health.

The Similarity in the Letters to the Churches

The order Christ addressed the churches are as follows:

  1. Ephesus (Rev 2:1-7)
  2. Smyrna (Rev 2:8-11)
  3. Pergamos (Rev 2:12-17)
  4. Thyatira (Rev 2:18-29)
  5. Sardis (Rev 3:1-6)
  6. Philadelphia (Rev 3:7-13)
  7. Laodicea (Rev 3:14-22)
  8. In nearly all of the letters there is a reference to one or more of the description of Christ in Rev. 1:12-16.
  9. Each letter is addressed to the church’s pastor.
  10. Except for the last church, each is commended for its “works”.
  11. Jesus Christ rebukes each church except the second (Smyrna) and the sixth (Philadelphia)

Christ’s Approvals and the Condemnations of Revelations Seven Churches

ChurchApproval Points
Condemnation Points

Rev. 2:2-6. I know
thy works, and thy
labor, and thy
patience, and how
thou canst not bear them
are evil: and thou
hast tried them which
say they
are apostles,
and hast found them
liars: And hast borne,
and hast patience, and
for my name’s sake hast
labored, and hast not
fainted…thou hatest
the deeds of

Nevertheless I have
somewhat against thee,
because thou hast
left thy first love
– meaning evangelism.
Smyrna1.   Works
2.   Tribulation
3.   Poverty, but rich in the
No words of condemnation
Pergamos1.   Works
2.   Holding fast to Christ’s
3.   Not denying the faith.
1.   Holding the doctrine of
2.   Eating things sacrificed
to idols
3.   Committing fornication
4.   Holding the doctrine of
the Nicolaitanes (church hierarchy)
Thyatira1.   Works (James 2:26)
2.   Charity (Godly love)
3.   Service to God
4.   Faith (as a gift –
1 Cor 12:9)
5.   Patience (Rom 5:3-5)
6.   Increased works
(John 14:12)
1.   Jezebel permitted to
2.   Allowing her to seduce
My servants (Christians)
to commit fornication
3.   Permitting Jezebel to
seduce Christians to eat
things sacrificed to idols
4.   Tolerating Jezebel in spite of her impenitence.
Sardis1.     Works (Rev. 3:1)
2.    Having a name or reputation of being a live church,
but “art dead” (Rev. 3:1)
3.    Works not perfect
before God (Rev. 3:2)
4.    Few godly members
        (Rev. 3:4)
No condemnation, but
Christ’s promises to
The Overcomer are:

1.   Walk with Me in white
(Rev. 3:4)
2.  Be clothed in white
raiment (Rev. 3:5)
3.  I will not blot his name out of the Book of Life (Rev. 3:5)
4.  I will confess his name
before My Father and the
angels (Rev. 3:5)
Philadelphia1.   Works
2.  A little strength
3.  Kept My Word
4.  Not denied My name
No condemnation
LaodiceaNothing from Jesus
to commend.
  • Works (Rev. 3:15)
  • Neither cold nor hot
    (Rev. 3:15)
  • Lukewarm and nauseating
    (Rev. 3:16)
  • Proud and self-satisfied
    (Rev. 3:17)
  • Ignorant of their true state
    (Rev. 3:17)
  • Wretched
  • Miserable
  • Poor
  • Blind
  • Naked (spiritually)
Street Preacher
Street preacher speaking the One True Gospel to a “spiritually poor” man.

Assessment points of Revelation’s Seven Churches

  1. Each of Revelation’s Seven Churches was commanded to repent except the second, fourth, and sixth. This means to stop sinning totally! In this, the fourth church was required to repent of its sin, but it was a free-will choice and not a commandment.
  2. Warnings of judgment are given to all the seven churches except the second and sixth.
  3. Each church was more corrupt than the preceding church except for the first, second, and sixth churches.
  4. Christ approved the first church for ten things, whereas He condemned the last church for ten things.
  5. Promises to ‘The Overcomers’ are those whom Christ knew in each church.
  6. Each Christian had the same admonition to “HEAR“!!!.
  7. John is told to write each case of judgment. Once one letter is completed, he continues writing letters to all remaining churches.
  8. He is told to write about “the things which shall be hereafter” or the events that follow the Rapture (Rev. 1:19; Rev. 4:1).

Eighteen Blessings to ‘The Overcomer’

Christ promises to give to every Christian who becomes an ‘Overcomer’ of Satan and his lies and deceptions the following benefits (or blessings):

  1. Eat of the tree of life (Rev. 2:7)
  2. Be given the crown of life (Rev. 2:10; Rev. 3:11)
  3. Escape the second death or the Lake of Fire (Rev. 2:11; Rev. 20:14)
  4. The hidden manna (Rev. 2:17)
  5. A white stone and a new name (Rev. 2:17)
  6. Their part in the Rapture (Rev. 2:25; Rev. 3:11; 1 Thes. 4:16; Phil. 3:21; Col. 3:4; 1 Cor. 15:23,51-58)
  7. Power (or authority as kings) over the nations (Rev. 2:26-27)
  8. Complete defeat of rebels (Rev. 2:27)
  9. The Morning Star (Rev. 2:28)
  10. Walk with Christ in white raiment (Rev. 3:4-5)
  11. Name eternally written in the Book of Life (Rev. 3:5; Rev. 22:18-19)
  12. Jesus Christ will mention the Christian’s name before God (Rev 3:5).
  13. The Christian will be a pillar in God’s temple (Rev. 3:12)
  14. The Christian will be eternally abiding with God (Rev. 3:12)
  15. God’s name written upon the Christian (Rev. 3:12)
  16. Name of the New Jerusalem written upon him (Rev. 3:12)
  17. New name of Christ written upon him (Rev. 3:12)
  18. The Christian will be given an eternal throne and kingdom in Christ’s kingdom (Rev. 3:21; Rev. 1:6; Rev. 5:10; Rev. 11:15; Rev. 22:4-5)

It seems from comparing today’s churches with Christ’s assessment of Revelation’s seven churches that Christianity has become more self-focused rather than Christ-focused. If one examines the list of promises (or blessings) above, it seems that most modern churches have become more like the Church at Laodicea rather then those at Smyrna and Philadelphia.

Things to ponder

  • Have you read what the True Church of Jesus Christ should be like? If not, click here.
  • What do you think of this article?
  • Do you have any comments?
  • Feel free to ask a question.
  • Have you seen any street evangelism like this before?


7 Replies to “Revelation’s Seven Churches”

    1. Hi Michaela – I’m so sorry that it has taken me so long to acknowledge your comment, because it is so much appreciated.

      Yes, my website is ad-free and is here to share Biblical truth for those FEW Christians who “LOVE TRUTH that they MIGHT be Saved” (2 Thes 2:10). Welcome to the place where pure Biblical truth can be shared among “brethren” (Rom 8:14).

      Feel free to post any questions you my have.

      Blessings Michaela! Alan

  1. Howdy, I think your site may be having web browser compatibility issues. Whenever I look at your website in Safari, it looks fine however when opening in I.E., it has some overlapping issues. I merely wanted to give you a quick heads up! Aside from that, wonderful blog!

    1. Hi Alta,

      I’m sorry for the delay in responding to your comment, but I have been very busy. Google has also reported the problem to me and I believe I have rectified the issue.

      Thank you so much for taking the time to comment as it is very much appreciated.

      Blessings! Alan

  2. Hi Alan,

    Beautifully explained, Christ’s assessment of Revelation’s seven churches. I like the 8 Assessment points and 18 Blessings to ‘The Overcomer’.

    Left me speechless with the explanation ( The Approval and the
    Condemnation from Christ) in the form of a table.

    Super blessed after reading this post! Awesome! Keep sharing Gospel in such a simple and easy to understand way! God bless you!

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